Green energy management through the implementation of RES in the EU : analysis of the opinions of Poland and Germany


The EU’s energy policy is geared towards introducing changes in order to stop or avoid negative climate change. The determinants of the energy policies of Poland and Germany are presented along with the priorities until 2050. The possibilities of reducing the impact of energy on the environment were interpreted, emphasizing its common goal. Activities supporting the EU and maintaining the level of energy security are indicated. Possible negative effects in the social and health sphere are presented as a response to the failure to implement these demands. The literature was analyzed and proprietary questionnaires were carried out, and the results realized in the EU by the independent FBI Economic Department were implemented. On the basis of earlier pilot studies, variants of a successful transformation were implemented, assuming different roles performed by a citizen (entrepreneur). Opportunities to tackle climate change and global challenges have been identified based on innovation and motivation. The opinion on the way of thinking in Poland and Germany was compared, and a descriptive model was prepared to increase the achievement of the assumed goals, together with a model based on innovation. Citizens should be active in efforts to promote renewable energy. The EU has a strong base to work to avoid climate change. What is needed is innovative thinking and a motivation to introduce changes with the involvement of every citizen through solidarity, efficiency, and justice. The existing foundations of legal solutions create adaptation possibilities and the ability to achieve goals through self-discipline, comparing with the assumption of EU civic awareness, significantly affecting the successful implementation of RES. Analyzing the attitudes of Poland and Germany, it seems that the distant social consequences are not sufficient. It is necessary not only to perform selected management functions (planning, organizing), but also partly to motivate. There is a strong need to increase motivation and implement the control process required under the threat of negative consequences in the current period as a key strategic preventive action. The analysis of the opinions of Poland and Germany against the background of the European Union allowed for no significant differences, subject to Germany’s readiness to take greater risk. Most of Poland is less inclined to take risks. The lack of an unambiguous opinion may indicate incomplete awareness of both the negative effects of climate change. Both countries are concerned about the unplanned costs of transformation. Germany, unlike Poland, has dedicated employees to handle the climate, and conducts an energy audit and is of interest to investors, thanks to investment plans.

Green energy management through the implementation of RES in the EU : analysis of the opinions of Poland and Germany
Jałowiec Tomasz
Słowa kluczowe
change; citizen; green energy; renewable energy; comparative analysis; Poland; Germany; economy; finance; zmiana; obywatel; Zielona energia; energia odnawialna; analiza porównawcza; Polska; Niemcy; gospodarka; finanse
Wojtaszek Henryk
Miciuła Ireneusz ORCID 0000-0003-3150-4490
Typ zasobu
Identyfikator zasobu
DOI 10.3390/en14238097
Energies, 2021, vol. 14 issue 23, [br. s.], 8097
Prawa autorskie
Publikacje pracowników US
Data udostępnienia18 mar 2022, 10:56:27
Data mod.18 mar 2022, 10:56:27
Aktywnych wyświetleń0