Climate response in tree-rings of Sawara cypress [Chamaecyparis pisifera (Siebold & Zucc.) Endl.] in Poland


Sawara cypress [Chamaecyparis pisifera (Siebold & Zucc.) Endl.] is originally from Japan. It was introduced to Europe in the latter half of the 19th century (in England and Holland in 1861, and in Poland in 1864). The aim of this study was to examine the influence of climatic conditions on tree-ring width among Sawara cypress populations growing in Poland. Additionally, other indicators determining the growth-climate relationship for the studied tree species were investigated such as false rings, missing rings, or frost rings. Five stands of Sawara cypress from northwestern and central Poland were selected for study. Samples were taken from 97 trees, using Pressler borers at breast-height. Tree-ring widths were measured down to 0.01 mm. Climatic data came from weather stations located the nearest to the study plots. Tree-ring width in the studied populations of Sawara cypress varies (from 1.94 to 4.47 mm). The oldest Sawara cypresses grow in Glinna Arboretum and are nearly 130 years old. The youngest ones grow in Rogów Arboretum (67 years old) and Wirty Arboretum (58 years old). Ten regional pointer years, including six negative and four positive ones, were determined for local chronologies. Negative pointer years were associated with the occurrence of cold winters and water shortages in summer. Positive pointer years are mostly periods with a warm winter season, early and warm spring, and with high precipitation totals during summer months. Correlation and response function analysis corroborates the results yielded by pointer year analysis. False rings carry an additional information on pluvial conditions in the summer period, and frost rings are an aid in dating dendrochronological series and indicate the occurrence of both very cold winters and persistent ground frost occurrences in the spring period. In comparison to native conifers, the Sawara cypress can be regarded as a fast-growing species. The knowledge of acclimatization, growth rate, and growth-climate relationship may be useful, especially in the time of a rapidly changing climate, increasing human impact, and highly intensified invasion of insect and fungal species attacking native forest-forming taxa.

Climate response in tree-rings of Sawara cypress [Chamaecyparis pisifera (Siebold & Zucc.) Endl.] in Poland
Cedro Anna ORCID 0000-0002-7629-5840
Słowa kluczowe
dendrochronology; dendroclimatology; pointer years; false rings; frost rings
Nowak Grzegorz
Kowalewska-Kalkowska Halina ORCID 0000-0003-1562-1865
Typ zasobu
Identyfikator zasobu
DOI 10.3390/f12080967
Forests, 2021, vol. 12, [br. s.], 967
Prawa autorskie
Publikacje pracowników US
Data udostępnienia2 wrz 2021, 13:23:18
Data mod.7 mar 2022, 13:37:12
Aktywnych wyświetleń0