Parasites of birds can be an indicator of environmental quality, but this issue is very poorly understood. Migratory birds can transfer parasites between ecosystems, thus increasing the size of their populations. The biodiversity of bird parasites and the predominance of specific parasite species can be influenced, as in the case of non-parasitic animals, by global changes in the environment, including climate change and anthropogenic transformation of ecosystems. The aim of the present research was to describe and compare helminth communities of Eurasian blue tit Cyanistes caeruleus and the Great tit Parus major, at the component community and infracommunity level, on the southern coast of the Baltic Sea during autumn migration to their wintering grounds. The main findings of the research were the presence of several parasite species that had not previously been recorded in these tits in Poland, the dominance of the digenetic fluke, and the high prevalence of the filarial nematodes.
The research problem undertaken in this study is to determine the scale of infection of Eurasian blue tit Cyanistes caeruleus and Great tit Parus major and the biological diversity of their internal parasites, helminths. The aim of the study is to gain new knowledge about the structure of the helminth communities of the Eurasian blue tit and Great tit on the southern coast of the Baltic Sea during autumn migration to their wintering grounds. Helminths of tits were collected in 2008–2012 on the southern coast of the Baltic Sea in Poland. PAST v. 2.11 software was used for the calculations. Barcoding DNA was used to identify trematodes initially classified based on morphological characters to the genera Leucochloridium and Urogonimus. Cestodes Anonchotaenia globata were recorded for the first time in Poland. The Eurasian blue tit is a new host in Poland for three species of helminths: cestode Monosertum parinum and filarial nematodes, Cardiofilaria pavlovskyi, and Diplotriaena henryi. The Great tit is a new host in Poland for trematode Urogonimus macrostomus, cestode A. globata and M. parinum, and filarial nematode Diplotriaena obtusa. The nematode C. pavlovskyi was the species most frequently recorded in both host species. A high degree of similarity was found between the component communities and infracommunities of helminths in Eurasian blue tit and Great tit. The new information provided in this study has increased our knowledge of the transmission of helminths in Central Europe.
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|Data mod.||15 mar 2023, 09:44:54|