SDGs implementation, their synergies, and trade-offs in EU countries : sensitivity analysis-based approach


Sustainable development is one of the most urgent challenges facing humanity. Its basic principle is to improve people’s well-being and maintain it over time. In 2015, the United Nations approved 17 sustainable development goals (SDGs) to ensure a better and sustainable future for all, balancing economic, social and environmental development. SDGs create an ‘indivisible whole’; thus, examining their interactions is crucial. Our goals were twofold: (i) to assess the implementation degree of SDGs in EU countries and (ii) to examine the interactions between goals. The potential to achieve a given SDG is approximated by a composite indicator, calculated based on an innovative method of implementing tools derived from sensitivity analysis (SA). Respecting the degree of variability of individual variables and their correlation, we set the weights to equalise their importance. Moreover, the application of SA allows us to remove strongly correlated variables that are not transferring supplementary information. We use countries’ linear ordering and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient to assess interactions between SDGs.

Our research shows that Scandinavian countries predominately occupy the leading positions, respectively, eight times on the podium for Sweden and four by Denmark (of which three as a leader). The Netherlands also stands out, occupying the superior position in the performance of SDGs 2, 3, 5, 8, 9, 12 and 17. The top in achieving one of the most priority area – no poverty (SDG1) belongs to Czechia. Our study confirmed the results obtained by many researchers regarding the more potent synergy between SDGs compared to the trade-offs. The only trade-offs observed in our study relate to SDG15, which negatively correlated with SDG3 and 17. Furthermore, SDG7 was the only one not associated with others.

SDGs implementation, their synergies, and trade-offs in EU countries : sensitivity analysis-based approach
Kuc-Czarnecka Marta
Słowa kluczowe
composite indicators; sensitivity analysis; sustainable development goals; sustainable development
Słowa kluczowe
wskaźniki złożone; analiza wrażliwości; cele zrównoważonego rozwoju; zrównoważony rozwój
Markowicz Iwona ORCID 0000-0003-1119-0789
Sompolska-Rzechuła Agnieszka
Typ zasobu
Identyfikator zasobu
DOI 10.1016/j.ecolind.2023.109888
Ecological Indicators, 2023, vol. 146, [br. s.], 109888
Prawa autorskie
Dyscyplina naukowa
Ekonomia i finanse; Dziedzina nauk społecznych
Publikacje pracowników US
Data udostępnienia5 maj 2023, 13:20:32
Data mod.5 maj 2023, 13:20:32
Aktywnych wyświetleń0