Sustainability reporting in energy companies : is there a link between social disclosures, the experience and market value?


As a result of the dissemination of the sustainability concept, social disclosures have become an important area of non-financial reporting, and the energy sector is no exception. The purpose of our article is a multi-faceted evaluation of sustainability reports published by companies operating in the Polish energy sector, from the perspective of social disclosures. The study involved the Polish listed companies that made up the WIG-Energia index. The time scope of the study covers the 2017–2021 period. In total, 54 non-financial reports were analyzed. In the first place, a comparative analysis was carried out to assess the social disclosures made by the WIG-Energia companies against the background of the biggest and the most liquid (blue chip) WIG20 companies. All the applied tools: ESG rating, NFR_S index, and multidimensional data visualization, have confirmed that the energy companies year by year have been presenting larger and larger extents of social disclosures. At the same time, it was observed that the companies appearing for the first time in the WIG-Energia index showed a very small extent of disclosures, whereas the companies which figured in the index throughout the studied period presented a relatively large extent of disclosures, due to their experience in preparing sustainability reports. Next, using the Pearson correlation coefficient (r), we examined the relationship between the energy companies’ market values and the extent of their social disclosures. The results of the statistical analyses have validated the strong and very strong correlation between capitalization and extent of disclosures. It is therefore possible to state that companies with higher market values are characterized by larger extents of social disclosures.

Sustainability reporting in energy companies : is there a link between social disclosures, the experience and market value?
Czaja-Cieszyńska Hanna Ewa ORCID 0000-0002-6425-9519
Słowa kluczowe
non-financial reporting; ESG reporting; responsibility; social disclosures; sustainability; sustainability reporting; energy sector
Słowa kluczowe
raportowanie niefinansowe; raporty ESG; odpowiedzialność; ujawnienia społeczne; zrównoważony rozwój; raportowanie na rzecz zrównoważonego rozwoju; sektor energetyczny
Kordela Dominika ORCID 0000-0002-4826-1352
Typ zasobu
Identyfikator zasobu
DOI 10.3390/en16093642
Energies, 2023, vol. 16 iss. 9, s. 3642
Prawa autorskie
Dyscyplina naukowa
Ekonomia i finanse; Dziedzina nauk społecznych
Publikacje pracowników US
Data udostępnienia23 maj 2023, 14:07:47
Data mod.23 maj 2023, 14:07:47
Aktywnych wyświetleń0